What is Rapid Prototyping? Definition, advantages, and FAQs.

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What is Rapid Prototyping?

Rapid Prototyping is a strategy employed by agile teams throughout the product development process. 

In this approach, the 3-dimensional prototypes of a product are created and subsequently tested to optimize simple characteristics such as shape, size, overall usability, etc., and gather some user feedback

Various prototypes can be created during the development process with some changes here and there to accurately pinpoint where the product may need further work.

Rapid prototyping allows for product simulations during testing as well as the development phase. The term ‘rapid’ relates to the speed at which a development team gathers user feedback and analyzes it. Multiple iterations are generated in a short period of time based on this data.

This rapid speed of tests and analysis prevents the teams from going too far with a feature or an idea that fails to align with the needs of the user and does not solve their problem.

Another important fact to consider is that when a prototype interacts with a user, the user must feel the prototype is a finished product (of course this might not be the case, but it still must be relevant to the finished product), otherwise, a bias may creep in the judgment of the user, rendering the whole activity useless.

Advantages of Rapid Prototyping

Rapid Prototyping allows the development teams to design the product strictly according to the end user’s needs. The quick feedback from the users helps refine the design and reduces the possibility of the product being delayed due to new requests being made for any design changes.

Prototyping requires everyone associated with the project to collaborate and work together and deliver their honest feedback. By giving the end-users and all the stakeholders a chance to interact and comment on the product, the chances of it not meeting their expectations reduce drastically.

Rapid Prototyping is generally a low-cost and efficient approach. Frequent feedback from the users and the stakeholders means that any problem can be identified in its early stages before the business invests any new funds. This reduces the wastage of resources and enables the investment of resources at the right places.

Multiple prototypes can also be created to perform testing against various different kinds of users across various geographical locations, demographics, etc. which allows teams to test slight differences in prototypes to gather more information about user expectations and needs.

Examples of Rapid Prototyping

Designers may create wireframes and low fidelity prototypes in the initial development phase, however, these should not be given to the users as it may hamper their feedback.

Ideally, the users should be given a prototype of something in the middle of a low-fidelity prototype and a finished product. This may be tricky, but is an essential part of understanding what the user needs and what could provide a positive user experience.

Rapid prototyping allows teams to create at least a workable version of the product. The necessary elements of the final product such as a functional UI for any software must be present in the prototype.

This is the reason why paper prototypes, despite being very popular, are not considered best for this purpose. On handing a paper prototype to a user for feedback, they know that this is not the finished item. 

Thus, the feedback they provide for this paper prototype may not be of much use compared to the feedback they would give for something that feels much more closer to the end product.


Q: When do you need Rapid Prototyping?

A: Rapid prototyping enables teams to garner user feedback and realize the amount of work left before they can launch the product. Fixing something after the product has launched can be very expensive and may cause a severe dent in the company’s reputation.

Q: What is Rapid Prototyping in manufacturing?

A: In manufacturing, Rapid Prototyping refers to a group of techniques employed to design a scaled model of a physical product quickly and as close to the finished product as possible.

Q: What is Rapid Prototyping in web design?

A: In web design, rapid prototyping is the process of designers creating prototypes fast and simulating the design state of a website or software.

Q: What are some Rapid Prototyping tools?

A: Sketch, InVision, Framer, Adobe XD, and Origami Studio are some Rapid Prototyping tools.

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